Pros and cons of genetic engineering
In recent years, nothing has troubled and divided public opinion in Western societies more than pros and cons of genetic engineering and particularly the impacts on agriculture. To make an account on the offering of genetic engineering to create transgenic products should first study the problems of our time. Specifically, the population on our planet is increasing rapidly. So, to cover adequately the needs in our diet is necessary to increase crop and livestock production. This was originally the problem try to solve biotechnology and genetic engineering. The main objective was to cover the food needs of the third world. One way to achieve this is controlled by human's intersections plants and animals.Let's see below detail about the genetic engineering pros and cons.
In the first wave of development of genetic engineering, in the '70s and '80s, we had operations only in microorganisms and just in strictly controlled laboratory conditions. In the '90s, however, started in the second wave of genetic engineering, with interventions in crop plants for food. The third wave of genetic engineering is expected to produce modified or cloned animals and laboratory "production" of human organs for transplantation.
The main arguments concerning the improvement of the strength of growing plants to insects, weeds, disease, cold, drought and salinity. In other words, it becomes economic cultivation and competitive, even in areas where they're not exist natural environmental conditions in the development of specific species. Scientists used arguments to address malnutrition in the Third World, the cheaper production and practical use of drugs and vaccines, and the use of modified plants used for treating certain types of soil. Uncertainty about the reaction of GMO organisms in nature, raise concern to human health and the natural environment.
The rapid and without the requisite research applications from large multinational companies, of course, raises concerns about changes in social, economic and political relations. The first serious incident where something went wrong, and we had dangerous side effects on human health relating to toxic phenomena and incidents of allergies. Since consumers do not know their parent organizations of which were genes. Another argument about pros and cons of genetic engineering is that has to do with health concerns to antibiotics can endogenously produce such edible organisms. Many doctors and the British Medical Association expressing their concern about increasing antibiotic resistance of diseases caused by bacteria or viruses and connects to the increased presence of antibiotics in GMOs end up on our plates. So if in any possible illness of a consumer eating such foods, the doctor gives the specific antibiotic, then this will have absolutely no therapeutic effect.
The concept of health risks and extend significantly associated with impacts on nature. These effects so far, controlled experimental trial crops in nature, but, which are deemed scientifically inadequate. Contrary to the claims of large multinational marketing GMOs, pesticide use is increasing instead of decreasing! That's because invented herbicide-tolerant plants of the same companies.
Perhaps the most important argument here, however, has to do with the formation of new species, which becomes not only environmental and ethical dimensions. So not only new species may dominate but also to have a complete physical deregulation.
Could indicate much more regarding cons of genetic engineering. However we must not forget and the positive achievements of this science. Vaccines for combating disease, insulin, antibiotics, etc. The most important is the effort to combat cancer. A disease that plagues the planet.
In conclusion we must say that genetic engineering can offer a lot to people. Scientists just have to be more careful and become more extensive research. People need to be better informed. Large corporations do not profiteer at the expense of society.Fights around genetic engineering pros and cons will continue until we have some proofs for the benefits on Biotechnology In Agriculture and other sectors.
Read, inquire, think and get sound judgment of things.
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A short detailed video that describes the pros and cons of genetic engineering and what it holds for us in the future.